B

  • BACKGROUND – The Extra performers. On the set, “Background!” is a verbal cue for the Extras to start their action.
  • BACK TO ONE! – The verbal cue for performers to return to the mark where they started the scene.
  • BAE - British Actors Equity
  • BANANA - Instructing the actor to move in to a scene in a slight arc, or curved path, versus a straight line.
  • BEAT - A deliberate and slight pause (short on long) in dialogue or an action. Most normally in dialogue to emphasize emotion or thought.
  • BEAUTY SHOT - On TV soaps, the shot over which the credits are rolled.
  • BEST BOY - The assistant to the Chief Electrician, or Head Gaffer.
  • BIG HEAD CLOSE UP - Face and head fills the screen or lense; from bottom of chin to forehead.
  • BILLING - The order of the names in the title of opening credits of a film or TV show.
  • BIO - Short for “biography”. A resume in narrative form, usually for a printed program or press release.
  • BLOCKING - The actual physical movements by performers in any scene. Also can refer to the movements of the camera.
  • BOOKING - A firm commitment to a performer to do a specific job.
  • BOOM - An overhead microphone, usually on an extended pole. The Boom Operator is the member of the sound department responsible for holding the boom pole, with mic attached, over and sometimes under the actors. Also usually responsible for placing radio mics on actors.
  • BLUE SCREEN - Shooting in a studio against a large blue or green backdrop, which allows a background to be superimposed later on the final image. The actors must imagine the set they are on and be aware of the limitations of their movements. Casting Workbook’s Audition studio in their Vancouver location is a Blue Screen.
  • BREAKAWAY - Specially designed prop or set piece that looks solid but shatters easily.
  • BREAKDOWN - A summary description of a script prepared by or for the casting director often including the names of the director, producer, network or studio, together with audition location and times, storyline and roles available for casting in a production. These are, and have traditionally been, provided only to qualified talent agents. Breakdowns are posted on the Casting Workbook by the Casting Director and go out to as many as 1000 agents in 20 cities. See also Casting Notices.
  • BRIEF - The Australian equivalent to the Breakdown.
  • BROWSER - See Web Browser

Film Terms Glossary –San Antonio Film Academy

  • Baby (Spot)
    A 500-to-1,000w Fresnel light.
  • Baby: Usually a 1K light unit. It is also used to describe any light unit which is smaller than a standard size unit of light (i.e. baby 1K, baby 2K, baby 5K, etc.). For grips, it refers to anything with a 5/8 inch stud (i.e. baby plate).
  • Baby Legs: A short tripod.
  • Bazooka: Similar to a 2K stand, but without support legs.
  • Black Wrap: Black Aluminum foil which is used for wrapping lights, to control light spill, and for making small flags.
  • Blocking: Planning actor, camera and microphone placement and movement in a scene.
  • Blonde: An open face 2K lighting unit. Also known as a Mighty.
  • Bobbinet: Black mesh cloth which is used for grip scrims. It also used for darkening windows.
  • Bottom Chop: A flag or cutter which is used to keep light off of the floor or the lower part of a scene.
  • Backlight: A light which is generally mounted behind a subject to light the subject’s hair and shoulders.
  • Barndoors: Folding doors which are mounted on to the front of a light unit in order to control light spill and direction.
  • Beefy Baby: A heavy duty 2K stand without wheels.
  • Best Boy: The assistant lighting technician or the assistant to the key grip.
  • Box Rental: A fee or allowance paid to a crewmember for providing his/her own equipment for use in a production.
  • Branch Holder: A pipe-like unit with a locking nut which is used to hold branches, wooden poles, or other items.
  • Broad: A rectangular open-faced light which is used for general fill or for cyc illumination.
  • Brute: A brute arc light, usually 225 amps DC powered.
  • Butthead: A producer who thinks he/she knows more about a film technicians job than the tech knows.
  • Ballast A device used to start and operate Discharge Lamps. It may include a Dimmer.
  • Bank Several lights grouped together to create a larger or more powerful source. Tip: use soft lights or heavy Diffusion to avoid Multiple Shadows.
  • Batten A pipe, pole, or wooden strip used to support lights.
  • Blooming The spreading of strong Highlights into surrounding areas of the image.
  • Boom An adjustable arm, usually positioned on top of a stand, that extends a light or microphone over a subject. Also used when moving camera up and down on a hydraulic dolly (i.e. Boom UP or Boom Down)
  • Booster Light The fixture or light source that helps to balance out of balance exterior light.
  • Bounce Card, Bounce Board A white reflecting panel used for Fill or subtle Kicks.
  • Bounce Light A super soft source produced by reflecting lights off white panels or walls.